In Italy there are some 180.000 Roma people, among them 90.000 are italian citizens. They belong to different ethnic groups. There are Sinti, Kalé but most of them are Rom and arrived in Italy the first time around six hundreds years ago. Half of them are children and most of the families in the community still live in caravans in legal or illegal camps. Belonging to the Roma community and keeping alive traditions and cultural habits often result in a constant ostracism from the inhabitants of the city and the local political institutions as well. The Romas are too often objects of discriminating and disqualifying social policies, the same kind of those that aroused the wrong stereotype of their nomadic culture.
Nomadism was the result of the persecutions they suffered in Europe over the last centuries. They use a specific word, Porajmos, they use to describe and keep memory alive of the 500.000 Roma people killed by the Nazis during WWII. In such conditions their lives turn to be very difficult. The impossibility to get access to any kind of sanitary assistance, the lack of water for cooking and washing, the heathing for the winter time, the structures to collect garbage are among the problems Roma people have to face daily.
In September 2007 the General Assembly of the United Nations ratified the ÒDeclaration on the Rights of Indigenous peopleÓ. The Declaration was voted against only by four countries, Australia, USA, New Zealand and Canada, where the biggest communities of Indigenous minorities, the Aborigines, the Native Indians, the Maori and the Inuit, live. I therefore decided to start a long term project on Indigenous minorities willing to reach those who are facing different problems across the planet and to narrate their way of living, focusing on the main struggles regarding the respect of their rights as human beings and as indigenous people.